Diagnostic Imaging

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Vocabulary List

allergic reaction
The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic individual to a substance.
anaphylactic shock
A sudden, severe allergic reaction characterized by a sharp drop in blood pressure, urticaria, and breathing difficulties that is caused by exposure to a foreign substance.
anatomical landmarks
An anatomical structure used as a point of orientation in locating other structures.
angiography
Angiography uses methods to demonstrate the internal structure of blood vessels, highlighting the presence and extent of obstruction to the vessel, if any
anode
the positively charged electrode by which the electrons leave a device
aseptic
free from contamination caused by harmful bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms.
automatic injector
Thing that injects solution
biopsy
The removal and examination of a sample of tissue from a living body for diagnostic purposes.
bladder
Any of various distensible membranous sacs, such as the urinary bladder or the swim bladder, that serve as receptacles for fluid or gas.
blader
A membranous sac for temporary retention of urine
bone
The dense, semirigid, porous, calcified connective tissue forming the major portion of the skeleton of most vertebrates
brain
The portion of the vertebrate central nervous system that is enclosed within the cranium, continuous with the spinal cord, and composed of gray matter
breast feed
to feed (a baby) from a mother's breast
cancellous bone
Cancellous bone, synonymous with trabecular bone or spongy bone, is one of two types of osseous tissue that form bones. The other osseous tissue type is cortical bone.
catheter
A thin tube that can be inserted in the body to treat dideases or perform a surgical precedure.
cathode
the negatively charged electrode by which electrons enter an electrical device
central ray
The central portion of the primary beam of radiation.
cervical collar
A cervical collar (also neck brace) is an orthopedicmedical device used to support a patient's neck and head
colonoscopy
Visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation
compensating filter
A device, such as a wedge of aluminum, clay, or plastic, that is placed over a body area during radiography to compensate for differences in radiopacity
computed tomography
A method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross-sectional scans along a single axis
computer programming
is a process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable programs.
contrast medium
a radiopaque substance used in radiography to permit visualization of internal body structures.
diagnosis
Diagnosis is the identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.
diagnostic
concerned with the diagnosis of illness or other problems.
diagnostic radiography
The examination of internal organs, bones, cavities and foreign objects; includes cardiovascular imaging and interventional radiography.
diaphysis
The shaft or central part of a long bone.
disease
a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, esp. one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury.
drug
substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or other effects when taken
electromagnetic radiation
It's a form of radiant energy, propagating through space via electromagnetic waves and/or particles called photons
epiphysis
The end part of a long bone, initially growing separately from the shaft.
fluoroscopy
It's a technique where a fluorescent screen or image intensifying tube is connected to a closed-circuit television system to image internal structures of the body.
fracture
A fracture is a complete or incomplete break in a bone resulting from the application of excessive force.
gamma camera
A gamma camera, also called a scintillation camera or Anger camera, is a device used to image gamma radiation emitting radioisotopes
gonadal sheilding
A specially designed contact or shadowshiel used to protect thegonada area of a patient from the primary radiation beam during radiographic procedures.
heart
vital organ that functions as a pump, providing a continuous circulation of blood through the body
image intensifier
An imaging component which converts x-rays into a visible image.
infectious disease
Disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites.
initiator
The first step of a coronarography consists, after a local anesthetic, in puncturing (bleeding) an artery of a member so as to set up a pipe of big calibre which establishes in fact an initiator.
inject
To introduce (a drug or vaccine, for example) into a body part
interventional radiology
Interventional radiology is a medical sub-specialty of radiology which utilizes minimally-invasive image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat diseases in nearly every organ system.
intravenous tubing
Plastic conduit used to administer various fluids to patients through a needle inserted into one of the patient's veins.
ionizing radiation
It's a radiation composed of particles that individually carry enough kinetic energy to liberate an electron from an atom or molecule, ionizing it
kidney
A pair of organs that are found on either side of the spine, just below the rib cage in the back.
kidney
bean shaped organs that serve several essential regulatory roles in vertebrate animals
laxative
a medicine or agent for relieving constipation
lead apron
Lead shielding refers to the use of lead as a form of radiation protection to shield people or objects from radiation so as to reduce the effective dose.
liver
An important organ in the body , located under the ribs in the right upper part of the abdomen.
lumbar puncture
puncture into the arachnoid membrane of the spinal cord, in the lumbar region, and withdrawal of spinal fluid, performed for diagnosis of the fluid, injection of dye for imaging, or administration of anesthesia or medication
lung
Each of the pair of organs situated within the rib cage, consisting of elastic sacs with branching passages into which air is drawn, so that oxygen can pass into the blood and carbon dioxide be removed.
magnetic field
a region around a magnetic material or a moving electric charge within which the force of magnetism acts.
magnetic resonance imaging
MRI a noninvasive medical diagnostic technique in which the absorption and transmission of high-frequency radio waves are analysed as they irradiate the hydrogen atoms in water molecules and other tissue components placed in a strong magnetic field.
mammography
Uses low dose x-ray systems to produce images of the human breasts
medical contraindication
A symptom or condition that makes a particular treatment or procedure impossible.
medical file, medical record
A chronological written account of a patient's examination and treatment that includes the patient's medical history and complaints...
medical imaging
Medical imaging is the technique and process used to create images of the human body for clinical purposes or medical science.Although imaging of removed organs and tissues can be performed for medical reasons, such procedures are not usually referred to as medical imaging, but rather are a part of pathology.
medicine
An agent, such as a drug, used to treat disease or injury.
needle
A very thin, pointed steel tube that is pushed through the skin so that something (such as a drug) can be put into your body or so that blood or other fluids can be taken from it.
nuclear medicine
"It's a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. "
nurse
A person who is trained to care for sick or injured people and who usually works in a hospital or doctor's office.
operating room
Sometimes called the OR or surgery center, it's where surgery takes place in a hospital.
"osteopathy "
A system of therapy founded in the 19th century that is based on the concept that the body can formulate its own remedies against diseases when its parts are in a normal structural relationship, it has a normal environment, and it enjoys good nutrition.
pad
A thin, cushionlike mass of soft material used to fill, to give shape, or to protect against jarring, scraping, or other injury
pathology
the science of the causes and effects of diseases, esp. the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
photoelectric effect
It's the observation that many metals emit electrons when light shines upon them.
pregnant
carrying a fetus or fetuses within the womb
prescription
an instruction written by a medical practitioner that authorizes a patient to be provided a medicine or treatment.
private hospital
a hospital similar to a group hospital except that it is controlled by a single practitioner or by the practitioner and the associates in his or her office.
prosthesis
An artificial body part, such as a leg, a heart, or a breast implant.
pulse
To take the pulse of the heart of someone, at his wrist.
radiation
It's a process in which electromagnetic waves (EMR) travel through a vacuum or through matter-containing media; the existence of a media to propagate the waves is not required.
radio wave
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.
radioactive
Radioactive describes something undergoing radioactive decay, the process by which an unstable atom emits radiation
radiological file
A chronological account of all the radiological images that the patient did.
radiologist
a medical specialist who uses radioactive substances and X-rays in the treatment of disease
radiolucent cushion
Almost entirely transparent to radiation; almost entirely invisible in x-ray photographs and under fluoroscopy.
radiopharmacology
It's the study and preparation of radiopharmaceuticals, which are radioactive pharmaceuticals.
radioprotection
protection against harmful effects of radiation
radioscopy
Examination of the inner structure of optically opaque objects by x-rays or other penetrating radiation; radiology
radiotherapy
"Uses radiation to shrink, and sometimes eradicate, cancerous cells/growths in and on the body. "
raise
To move to a higher position; elevate
restraints
An instrument or a means of restraining (to prevent the patient to move).
scan (ct scan)
an X-ray image made using computerized axial tomography.
security
the state of being free from danger or threat.
skeleton
an internal or external framework of bone, cartilage, or other rigid material supporting or containing the body of an animal or plant.
skull
A framework of bone or cartilage enclosing the brain of a vertebrate; the skeleton of a person's or animal's head.
sonography
Using the reflections of high-frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth or study bodily organs
spleen
A large, highly vascular lymphoid organ, lying in the human body to the left of the stomach below the diaphragm, serving to store blood, disintegrate old blood
stenosis
the abnormal narrowing of a passage in the body
sterile field
A specified area, such as within a tray or on asterile towel, that is considered free of microorganisms
stretcher
A litter, usually of canvas stretched over a frame, used to transport the sick, wounded, or dead.
stretcher-bearer
a person who helps to carry a stretcher, esp in wartime
swallow
To cause (food or drink, for example) to pass through the mouth and throat into the stomach
syringe
A medical instrument used to inject fluids into the body or draw them from it.
technologist
engineer: a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems
thorax
The area of the body that is located between the abdomen and the neck.
thyroid
A gland that makes and stores hormones that help regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and the rate at which food is converted into energy
to breathe
to move air into and out of your lungs : to inhale and exhale
to have an empty stomach
to not eat for a long time
to urinate
to excrete or void urine; micturate
tumor
a swelling of a part of the body, generally without inflammation, caused by an abnormal growth of tissue, whether benign or malignant.
ultrasonography
a technique using echoes of ultrasound pulses to delineate objects or areas of different density in the body.
ultrasound
It's an oscillating sound pressure wave with a frequency greater than the upper limit of the human hearing range.
urinary bladder
a membranous sac for temporary retention of urine
urography
an X-ray technique for producing an image of the renal pelvis and urinary tract by the introduction of a radiopaque fluid.
vein
veins (from the Latin vena) are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
vertebral column
The series of articulated vertebrae, separated by intervertebral disks and held together by muscles and tendons, that extends from the cranium to the coccyx
visible spectrum
The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to (can be detected by) the human eye.
waiting room
a building, or more commonly a part of a building, where people sit or stand until the event they are waiting for occurs
wheelchair
A device used for mobility by people for whom walking is difficult or impossible, due to illnes or disability.
xray
A form of electromagnetic radiation, similar to light but of shorter wavelength and capable of penetrating solids and of ionizing gases
x-ray computed tomography
A technology that uses computer-processed x-rays to produce tomographic images (virtual 'slices') of specific areas of the scanned object, allowing the user to see what is inside it without cutting it open.

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