International Studies

International Studies cloud

Grammar resources

Vocabulary List

Age of Enlightenment
A cultural movement of intellectuals beginning in late 17th- and 18th-century Europe emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition.
the study of humans, their origins, physical characteristics, institutions, religious beliefs, social r
the process of reasoning methodically  
the study of living organisms, including their structure, functioning, evolution, distribution, and interrelationships  
The line that separates one country, state, province, etc., from another.
an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange
An advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached.
the act or an instance of communicating; the imparting or exchange of information, ideas, or feelings  
the scientific study of crime, criminal behaviour, law enforcement, etc.  
the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action  
Any form of money issued by a government or central bank and used as legal tender and a basis for trade.
developing nation
A country with low levels of well-being, as measurade by economic, social and technogical sophistication
division of labour
The specialization of Labour economics who perform specific tasks and roles.
the complex of human activities concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services  
The belief in the inherent superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture.
A sum paid or charged for a service.
The doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men.
foreign policy
Policies of the federal government directed to matters beyond its borders, especially relations with another countries.
free enterprise
The liberty of private businesses to operate competitively, for profit, and without gouvernment controls.
free speech
The liberties to speech, press, assembly, and petition that are protected by the Constitution.
the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc.,  
glass ceiling
The unspoken and unwritten limit on promotion and pay within an organization that a woman/minority main attain.
hate crime
Violent acts aimed at individuals because they are members of a minority group.
the condition of any unit, society, etc.  
higher education
An optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.
all that is preserved or remembered of the past, esp. in written form  
humanitarian aid
Humanitarian aid is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises including natural disaster and man-made disaster.
The quality or condition of being human; human nature.
a suggested explanation for a group of facts or phenomena, either accepted as a basis for further verification (working hypothesis) or accepted as likely to be true  
the state of having unique identifying characteristics held by no other person or thing  
The condition of being oneself or itself, and not another.
Immigration is the movement of people into another country or region to which they are not native in order to settle there. Immigration is a result of a number of factors, including economic and/or political reasons, family re-unification, natural disasters or the wish to change one's surroundings voluntarily.
a single person, esp. when regarded as distinct from others
international development
International development or global development is a wide concept concerning level of development on international scale.
The network of social relationships that link individuals through common ancestry, marriage, or adoption.
life expectancy
The number of years that a newborn in a particular society can expect to live.
The habits, attitudes, tastes, moral standards, economic level, etc., that together constitute the mode of living of an individual or group.
a set or system of methods, principles, and rules for regulating a given discipline, as in the arts or sciences.
The process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.
The view of the world that takes account only of natural elements and forces, excluding the supernatural or spiritual.
detachment, disinterest, disinterestedness, dispassion, equitableness, impartiality, impersonality  
detailed examination of phenomena prior to analysis, diagnosis, or interpretation  
Receptiveness to new ideas.
the complex or aggregate of relationships of people in society, esp. those relationships involving authority or power
The use of force to compel one individual to engage in a sexual act with another.
reasonnable accommodation
A reasonable accommodation is an adjustment made in a system to "accommodate" or make fair the same system for an individual based on a proven need.
religious rites
An established ceremony prescribed by a religion.
An overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
Pride in oneself; self-respect.
A system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work.
social democracy
the beliefs, principles, practices, or programme of a Social Democratic Party or of social democrats  
social inequality
Social inequality is characterized by the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society.
social stratification
A concept involving the "classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions.
system or theory where each people are equal and live in community and there's no capitalism
A continuing process whereby an individual acquires a personal identity and learns the norms, values, behavior, and social skills appropriate to his or her social position.
the study of the development, organization, functioning, and classification of human societies  
soft power
A concept to describe the ability to attract and co-opt rather than coerce, use force or give money as a means of persuasion.
transcontinental railroad
A contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders.
In economics, underdevelopment is when resources are not used to their full socio-economic potential, with the result that local or regional development is slower in most cases than it should be.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A declaration that arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled.
to make (esp. a predominantly rural area or country) more industrialized and urban
wage labour
the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer, where the worker sells their labour under a formal or informal employment contract.
working class
A social class of industrial societies broadly composed of people involved in manual occupations