Prehospital Emergency Care

Police word cloud

Vocabulary List

a continuous or prolonged dull pain in a part of one's body.
an excessively acid condition of the body fluids or tissues
a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, esp. in conditions of stress, increasing rates of blood circulation, breathing, and carbohydrate metabolism and preparing muscles for exertion.
Any passage in a mine used for purposes of ventilation; an air course.
an excessively alkaline condition of the body fluids or tissues that may cause weakness or cramps
Hypersensitivity to the reintroduction of an allergen. Compare anaphylaxis.
A damaging immune response by the body to a substance, esp. pollen, fur, a particular food, or dust, to which it has become hypersensitive.
a vehicle specially equipped for taking sick or injured people to and from the hospital
anaphylactic shock
exaggerated allergic reaction that can lead to death
an acute allergic reaction to an antigen (e.g., a bee sting) to which the body has become hypersensitive.
the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, esp. as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.
A condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.
A localized dilatation of the wall of an artery leading to the formation of a pocket of variable size.
a condition marked by severe pain in the chest, often also spreading to the shoulders, arms, and neck, caused by an inadequate blood supply to the heart.
surgical repair or unblocking of a blood vessel, esp. a coronary artery.
Anisocoria is a condition characterized by an unequal size of the eye's pupils. Affecting 20% of the population, it can be an entirely harmless condition or a symptom of more serious medical problems.
Anisocoria is a condition characterized by an unequal size of the eye's pupils. Affecting 20% of the population, it can be an entirely harmless condition or a symptom of more serious medical problems.
The history, events, characteristics, etc., of one's earlier life
antibiotic ointment
a type of topical ointment, typically in an oil base, applied to the skin to kill bacteria and prevent infection.
temporary cessation of breathing
a condition in which the heart beats with an irregular or abnormal rhythm.
arterial pressure
arterial pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries, it tends to artery wall
An artery is a vessel that carries blood from the heart to other tissues of the body.
a respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. It usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersensitivity.
A condition in which the heart no longer beats and usually cannot be restarted.
automated external defibrillator
A device that automatically analyzes the heart rhythm and that'if it detects a problem that may respond to an electrical shock'delivers a shock to restore a normal heart rhythm.
avulsion of the scalp
A tearing away of the integument of the upper part of the head, usually including the associated subcutaneous structures.
a tool for moving injured patient
bag-valve masks
an airway apparatus used to cover the patient's nose and mouth and begin ventilating the lungs mechanically by squeezing a reservoir of oxygen or air.
a strip of material used to bind a wound or to protect an injured part of the body.
bandage scissors
angled tip scissors, with a blunt tip on the bottom blade, which helps in cutting bandages without gouging the skin.
bandage, dressing
a strip of material used to bind a wound or to protect an injured part of the body.
piece of fabric used to keep a patient warm
blood pressure
The pressure of the blood in the circulatory system, often measured for diagnosis since it is closely related to the force and rate of the heartbeat and the diameter and elasticity of the arterial walls.
blunt trauma
Blunt trauma, blunt injury, non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma refers to physical trauma caused to a body part, either by impact, injury or physical attack; the latter usually being referred to as blunt force trauma.
A slowing of the heart rate to less than 50 beats per minute.
an abnormally slow breathing rate. The rate at which bradypnea is diagnosed depends upon the age of the patient
the process of taking air into and expelling it from the lungs
shortness of breath: a dyspneic condition
is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi
An injury appearing as an area of discolored skin on the body, caused by a blow or impact rupturing underlying blood vessels.
cardiac arrest
a sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of function of the heart.
cardiac monitor
a piece of electronic equipment for continual observation of the function of the heart
cardiac monitoring
It is a continuous monitoring of the heart activity, generally by electrocardiography, with assessment of the patients condition relative to their cardiac rhythm.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr)
Emergency medical procedures for restoring normal heartbeat and breathing to victims of heart failure, drowning, etc.
Serious attention; solicitude; heed; caution:
A catheter is a medical device consisting of a tube of varying width and flexibility, and made ​​of different materials depending on the model or the uses for which they are intended. The catheter is intended to be inserted into the lumen of a body cavity or blood vessel and allow the drainage of liquid or infusion, or access to other medical devices
A main telephone exchange.
It is pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.
cerebral vascular accident
A stroke, sometimes referred to as a cerebrovascular accident, is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia caused by blockage, or a hemorrhage.
cervical collar
A neck brace used to support a patient's neck and head
chest pain
pain in the chest
culmination of a period of pregnancy with the expulsion of one or more newborn infants from a woman's uterus
a small board with a spring clip at the top, used for holding papers and providing support for writing.
cold packs
A compress of gauze, cloth, or plastic filled or moistened with a cold fluid and applied externally to swollen or injured body parts to relieve pain and swelling.
the action of working with someone to produce or create something.
Also known as the double-lumen airway, is a blind insertion airway device used in the pre-hospital and emergency setting. It is designed to provide an airway to facilitate the mechanical ventilation of a patient in respiratory distress.
head trauma affecting mainly memory
a condition in which there is difficulty in emptying the bowels, usually associated with hardened feces.
It is a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body.
any of a group of steroid hormones produced in the adrenal cortex or made synthetically. There are two kinds: glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. They have various metabolic functions and some are used to treat inflammation.
Expel air from the lungs with a sudden sharp sound.
cpr / cardiopulmonary resuscitation
emergency medical procedures for restoring normal heartbeat and breathing to victims of heart failure, drowning, etc.
a bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood.
When a patient's skin and mucous membranes are bluish in color from an inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood
an apparatus used to control heart fibrillation by application of an electric current to the chest wall or heart.
the stopping of fibrillation of the heart by administering a controlled electric shock in order to allow restoration of the normal rhythm.
an apparatus used to control heart fibrillation by application of an electric current to the chest wall or heart.
the process of giving birth.
the act of lowering something or pressing something down
A metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
having diabetes.
sweating, esp. to an unusual degree as a symptom of disease or a side effect of a drug.
a dome-shaped, muscular partition separating the thorax from the abdomen in mammals. It plays a major role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the thorax and so inflates the lungs.
a condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form.
a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, esp. one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury
clean (something) with a disinfectant in order to destroy bacteria
a piece of material placed on a wound to protect it
A medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body.
drug kit
package containing five drugs paramedics can administer
difficult or labored breathing.
An electrocardiogram measures heart activity
a condition in which one or more convulsions occur in a pregnant woman suffering from high blood pressure, often followed by coma and posing a threat to the health of mother and baby.
a condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.
the activity of thrilling or markedly exciting some person or group
obstruction of an artery, typically by a clot of blood or an air bubble.
a serious, unexpected, and often dangerous situation requiring immediate action.
emergency room
a hospital area equipped and staffed for the prompt treatment of acute illness, trauma, or other medical emergencies
the ability to understand and share the feelings of another
a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.
an instrument that can be introduced into the body to give a view of its internal parts.
endotracheal tube
a catheter that is inserted into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to maintain an open air passage or to deliver oxygen or to permit the suctioning of mucus or to prevent aspiration of the stomach contents.
It is the commercial form of an hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla upon stimulation by the central nervous system in response to stress. It is used chiefly as a heart stimulant, to constrict the blood vessels, and to relax the bronchi in asthma.
epistaxis or nosebleed
bleeding from the nose
the necessary items for a particular purpose.
The rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture,
surgical removal of an organ (or the contents of an organ) from a patient
lose consciousness for a short time because of a temporarily insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain.
lose consciousness for a short time because of a temporarily insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain
waste matter discharged from the bowels after food has been digested; excrement.
muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
an automatic device causing a light to flash on and off rapidly.
(of a pulse or heartbeat) beat feebly or irregularly.
a space between the bones of the skull in an infant or fetus, where ossification is not complete and the sutures not fully formed. The main one is between the frontal and parietal bones.
gauze pads
a piece of fabric used to guard and cushion a wound, to absorb blood or other fluids, to apply ointments, or to rub cleansing fluids, such as rubbing alcohol or iodine, onto a wound or site of incision.
glasgow coma scale
A neurological scale that aims to give a reliable, objective way of recording the conscious state of a person for initial as well as subsequent assessment. 
a garment covering the whole hand
a covering for the hand worn for protection against cold or dirt and typically having separate parts for each finger and the thumb.
 Glucagon is a hormone produced in the pancreas whenglucose in the blood is low. It helps the body raise glucose levels.
a small, portable machine that's used to measure how much glucose (a type of sugar) is in the blood.
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
haemorrhage, hemorrhage
an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, esp. when profuse.
head injury, traumatic brain injury
Any injury that results in trauma to the scalp, skull, or brain can be classified as a head injury. The terms traumatic brain injury and head injury are often used interchangeably in medical literature. …
a continuous pain in the head.
heart attack
a sudden and sometimes fatal occurrence of coronary thrombosis, typically resulting in the death of part of a heart muscle.
heart palpitation
Palpitation is an abnormality of heartbeat that ranges from often unnoticed skipped beats or accelerated heartrate
heart rate
the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
the pulsation of the heart.
a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates. Its molecule comprises four subunits, each containing an iron atom bound to a heme group.
An escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, esp. when profuse.
An institution in which sick or injured persons are given medical or surgical treatment.
hospital card
a piece of thick, stiff paper or thin pasteboard, in particular one used for writing or printing on.
High values of glucose in the blood
deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream.
abnormally low blood pressure.
The condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, typically one that is dangerously low.
deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.
immobilizer mattress
a device that completely immobilizes a person
failure of the immune system to protect the body adequately from infection, due to the absence or insufficiency of some component process or substance.
cell death due to an inadequate intake of oxygen
the process of infecting or the state of being infected.
Injection or Injected may refer to: Injection (medicine), insertion of liquid into the body with a syringe;
The act or fact of intervening.
(in vertebrates) the lower part of the alimentary canal from the end of the stomach to the anus.
Technical administration of drugs for rapid action
intravenous injection
an injection into a vein
Insertion of an endotracheal tube to help an unconscious patient breathe.
an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, esp. the heart muscles.
kendrick extraction device
a device that is used in vehicle extrication to remove victims of traffic collisions from motor vehicles.
life support kit
equipment in a hospital used for this.
each of the pair of organs situated within the rib cage, consisting of elastic sacs with branching passages into which air is drawn, so that oxygen can pass into the blood and carbon dioxide be removed. Lungs are characteristic of vertebrates other than fish, though similar structures are present in some other animal groups
long tube usually used to make passing oxygen
A covering for all or part of the face,
the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease (in technical use often taken to exclude surgery)
excessive constriction of the pupil of the eye
moist burn pads
These pads provide a moist comfortable barrier to help keep the burn clean and to help protect the burn.
dilation of the pupil of the eye
myocardial infarction
Condition caused by occlusion of one or more of the coronary arteries. A heart attack
n95 respirators
devices that may help prevent the spread of germs (viruses and bacteria) from one person to another. They are one part of an infection-control strategy that should also include frequent hand washing and social distancing.
a feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit.
A slender, pointed, steel instrument used in sewing or piercing tissues, as in suturing.
needle stick
A needlestick injury is a percutaneous piercing wound typically set by a needle point, but possibly also by other sharp instruments or objects. Commonly encountered by people handling needles in the medical setting, such injuries are an occupational hazard in the medical community. ...
neurological dysfunction / neurological disorder
is any disorder of the body nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or othernerves can result in a range of symptoms.
nitrile medical gloves
a type of disposable glove made of synthetic rubber. They contain no latex proteins and offer excellent resistance to wear and tears.
an explosive yellow liquid made by nitrating glycerol, used in explosives such as dynamite. It is also used in medicine as a vasodilator in the treatment of angina pectoris.
oral and nasopharyngeal airways
a short tube which is designed to be inserted through the nose to secure the airway of a patient who requires medical attention
oropharyngeal airway
An oropharyngeal airway is a medical device called an airway adjunct used to maintain a patent airway. It does this by preventing the tongue from covering the epiglottis, which could prevent the person from breathing.
oropharyngeal cannula
an object used to keep the respiratory tract open an unconscious patient
Form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect; associated with asthma and emphysema and angina pectoris
A colorless, odorless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air. Oxygen forms about 20 percent of the earth's atmosphere, and is the most abundant element in the earth's crust, mainly in the form of oxides, silicates, and carbonates.
oxygen mask
provides a method to transfer breathing oxygen gas from a storage tank to the lungs. It may cover the nose and mouth (oral nasal mask) or the entire face (full-face mask).
oxygen tank
 a storage vessel for oxygen, which is either held under pressure in gas cylinders or as liquid oxygen in a cryogenic storage tank.
Physical suffering or discomfort caused by illness or injury.
physical suffering or discomfort caused by illness or injury.
pain scale
A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features.
paleness, pallor
unnatural lack of color in the skin (as from bruising or sickness or emotional distress)
a noticeably rapid, strong, or irregular heartbeat due to agitation, exertion, or illness.
a sudden sharp pain or painful emotion
the loss of the ability to move (and sometimes to feel anything) in part or most of the body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury.
A person who is trained to assist a physician or to give first aid or other health care in the absence of a physician, often as part of a police, rescue, or firefighting squad.
a condition of muscular weakness caused by nerve damage or disease; partial paralysis.
an abnormal sensation, typically tingling or pricking (“pins and needles”), caused chiefly by pressure on or damage to peripheral nerves.
a person who takes part in an undertaking with another or others, esp. in a business or company with shared risks and profits
the loss of the ability to move (and sometimes to feel anything) in part or most of the body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury
the science of the causes and effects of diseases, esp. the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
a person receiving or registered to receive medical treatment
Of or relating to the medical care of children
a flashlight that has the size and shape of a pen and used to see the pupils reactions
A pharmaceutical preparation or product.
A small globular or rounded mass of medicinal substance, usually covered with a hard coating, that is to be swallowed whole.
lung inflammation caused by bacterial or viral infection, in which the air sacs fill with pus and may become solid. Inflammation may affect both lungs ( double pneumonia ), one lung ( single pneumonia ), or only certain lobes ( lobar pneumonia ).
the presence of air or gas in the cavity between the lungs and the chest wall, causing collapse of the lung.
pocket mask
 a device used to safely deliver rescue breaths during a cardiac arrest or respiratory arrest.
prehospital intervention report
the report of the paramedic intervention
an abnormal sensation, typically tingling or pricking (“pins and needles”), caused chiefly by pressure on or damage to peripheral nerves
lying flat, esp. face downward.
An inability to recognize the faces of familiar people, typically as a result of damage to the brain.
A protocol is a standard method that enables communication between processes.
psychosocial intervention
A therapeutic intervention that uses cognitive, cognitive-behavioral, behavioral, and supportive interventions to relieve pain
a rhythmical throbbing of the arteries as blood is propelled through them, typically as felt in the wrists or neck
pulse oximetry
a non-invasive method for monitoring a patient's O2 saturation.
pulse oxymeter
a device that measures the oxygen saturation of arterial blood in a subject by utilizing a sensor attached typically to a finger
The relapse of a disease or symptom.
give a spoken or written account of something that one has observed, heard, done, or investigated.
the act of reviving a person and returning them to consciousness; "although he was apparently drowned, resuscitation was accomplished by artificial respiration
revolving light
A rotating beam of light that produces a flash or characteristic
rib cage
the bony frame formed by the ribs around the chest
A sympathomimetic agent used as a bronchodilator, especially in the treatment of asthma.
semi-automatic defibrillator
A device capable of outputting through the thorax of a quantity of electrical energy via electrodes, in an attempt to re-synchronize the cardiac electrical activity.
a large rectangular piece of cotton or other fabric, used on a bed to cover the mattress and as a layer beneath blankets when these are used.
an acute medical condition associated with a fall in blood pressure, caused by such events as loss of blood, severe burns, bacterial infection, allergic reaction, or sudden emotional stress, and marked by cold, pallid skin, irregular breathing, rapid pulse, and dilated pupils.
a medical measuring device used for measuring blood pressure
a device that makes a loud prolonged sound as a signal or warning.
a framework of bone or cartilage enclosing the brain of a vertebrate; the skeleton of a person's or animal's head.
a loose dress or blouse, with the upper part closely gathered in smocking.
liquid solution for drug
an instrument for measuring blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure
spinal board
A spinal board, also known as a long spine board, long back board, longboard, spineboard, or backboard, is a patient handling device used primarily in pre-hospital trauma care designed to provide rigid support during movement of a patient with suspected spinal or limb injuries
spinal shock
It is a loss of sensation accompanied by motor paralysis with initial loss but gradual recovery of reflexes, following a spinal cord injury most often a complete transection.
A series of vertebrae extending from the skull to the small of the back, enclosing the spinal cord and providing support for the thorax and abdomen; the backbone.
A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of limbs or of the spine
splinter forceps, fine point
pliers stainless steel helps extract foreign bodies
ligament injury caused by excessive mobilization of a hinge
steel toe boots
Safety boots
steri-strip closure
a thin adhesive strip that can close cuts and incisions without stitches.
an instrument used to detect and study sounds produced in the body
stop operatoring protocol
protocol that allows a paramedic to stop resuscitation if these turns out to be useless or inneficace protocole arrêt de manœuvre
a framework of two poles with a long piece of canvas slung between them, used for carrying sick, injured, or dead people.
a framework of two poles with a long piece of canvas slung between them, used for carrying sick, injured, or dead people.
stretcher chair
Device used for the transport of a sick patient who's not instable
stroke, cerebrovascular accident
 is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain.
knock unconscious or into a dazed or semiconscious state
(of a person) lying face upward.
suture scissors
for stitch removal; have a hook-shaped point on one blade to hook under the stitch before cutting it with the opposing blade.
an act of swallowing something, esp. food or drink
Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure.
a tube with a nozzle and piston or bulb for sucking in and ejecting liquid in a thin stream, used for cleaning wounds or body cavities, or fitted with a hollow needle for injecting or withdrawing fluids.
a tube with a nozzle and piston or bulb for sucking in and ejecting liquid in a thin stream, used for cleaning wounds or body cavities, or fitted with a hollow needle for injecting or withdrawing fluids.
an abnormally rapid heart rate.
abnormally rapid breathing.
team mate
A member of the same team.
A bacterial disease marked by rigidity and spasms of the voluntary muscles.
A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or temperature gradient using a variety of different principles
Formation of a clot in the deep venous system of the lower limbs.
a blood clot formed in situ within the vascular system of the body and impeding blood flow.
a device for stopping the flow of blood through a vein or artery, typically by compressing a limb with a cord or tight bandage.
tracheal intubation
It is the insertion of a tube into the mouth of the patients to help them to breathe better.
a person undergoing training for a particular job or profession
The act of transporting or conveying; conveyance.
Physical injury.
trauma shears
Trauma shears, also known as tuff cuts, are a type of scissors used by paramedics and other emergency medical personnel to quickly and safely cut clothing from injured people
Management in the application of medicines, surgery, etc.
triangular bandage
multifonction bandage
a swelling of a part of the body, generally without inflammation, caused by an abnormal growth of tissue, whether benign or malignant.
the state of turgidity and resulting rigidity of cells (or tissues), typically due to the absorption of fluid
a sudden, sharp localized pain
An ulcer is an open sore of the skin, eyes or mucous membrane, accompanied by the disintegration of tissue.
not conscious.
the distinctive clothing worn by members of the same organization or body or by children attending certain schools.
An identifying outfit or style of dress worn by the members of a given profession, organization, or rank.
a watery, typically yellowish fluid stored in the bladder and discharged through the urethra
vacuum mattress
A vacuum mattress, or vacmat, is a medical device used for the immobilisation of patients, especially in case of a vertebra, pelvis or limb trauma. It is also used for manual transportation of patients for short distances.
A vein is a vessel that allows the transport of blood from the periphery to the heart.
To assist the breathing of (a person), as with a respirator.
an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host.
vital signs
They are measures of various physiological statistics in order to assess the most basic body functions.
eject matter from the stomach through the mouth
The state or condition of lacking strength.
A continuous whistling sound produced in the respiratory airways during breathing. For wheezes to occur, some part of the respiratory tree must be narrowed or obstructed, or airflow velocity within the respiratory tree must be heightened.